This program is an encoder/decoder for Reed-Solomon codes. Encoding is in
systematic form, decoding via the Berlekamp iterative algorithm.
In the present form , the constants mm, nn, tt, and kk=nn-2tt must be
specified (the double letters are used simply to avoid clashes with
other n,k,t used in other programs into which this was incorporated!)
Also, the irreducible polynomial used to generate GF(2**mm) must also be
entered -- these can be found in Lin and Costello, and also Clark and Cain.
The representation of the elements of GF(2**m) is either in index form,
where the number is the power of the primitive element alpha, which is
convenient for multiplication (add the powers modulo 2**m-1) or in
polynomial form, where the bits represent the coefficients of the
polynomial representation of the number, which is the most convenient form
for addition. The two forms are swapped between via lookup tables.
This leads to fairly messy looking expressions, but unfortunately, there
is no easy alternative when working with Galois arithmetic.
The code is not written in the most elegant way, but to the best
of my knowledge, (no absolute guarantees!), it works.
However, when including it into a simulation program, you may want to do
some conversion of global variables (used here because I am lazy!) to
local variables where appropriate, and passing parameters (eg array
addresses) to the functions may be a sensible move to reduce the number
of global variables and thus decrease the chance of a bug being introduced.
This program does not handle erasures at present, but should not be hard
to adapt to do this, as it is just an adjustment to the Berlekamp-Massey
algorithm. It also does not attempt to decode past the BCH bound -- see
Blahut "Theory and practice of error control codes" for how to do this.
Simon Rockliff, University of Adelaide 21/9/89
26/6/91 Slight modifications to remove a compiler dependent bug which hadn't
previously surfaced. A few extra comments added for clarity.
Appears to all work fine, ready for posting to net!
Notice
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This program may be freely modified and/or given to whoever wants it.
A condition of such distribution is that the author's contribution be
acknowledged by his name being left in the comments heading the program,
however no responsibility is accepted for any financial or other loss which
may result from some unforseen errors or malfunctioning of the program
during use.
Simon Rockliff, 26th June 1991
simon@augean.ua.oz.au